THREATS TO FISHERIES - TRUMP ADMINISTRATION OIL AND GAS
The Trump draft plan1 proposes opening up Oil and Gas (O&G) exploration, drilling and leasing on most of the outer continental shelf. In addition, Trump’s executive order 137952 proposes reviewing certain national marine monuments and sanctuaries and opening up the Arctic and key portions of the Atlantic to O&G exploration and drilling. The following statistics illustrate the dramatic size of the administration’s proposals:
71% of all U.S. Marine Area3; prior, only 3% had been opened
97% of the US Outer Continental Shelf (OCS)4; beore only 5% had been opened
41% of all U.S. area (land and marine)5
To put this in perspective, this is larger than two of the largest expansions that totaled 37% US territory: the Louisiana Purchase6 (22.3% of modern US), and the Alaska Purchase (15%). These expansions required congressional approval.
Seismic Surveys (East Coast)
Further notes on area calculations: In all scenarios, the O&G program areas do not include the Presidential Withdrawal Areas (North Aleutian Basin). The marine national monuments and national marine sanctuaries considered for O&G exploration, leasing and drilling include all expansions and designations mentioned here but not Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument as understood to be exempt from O&G activities. As a result, Trump’s draft oil and gas plan indicates a range of areas of proposed oil and gas exploration and drilling. Note that we took the widest area under consideration.
Note: These maps have a Creative Commons Attribution license so anyone is free to distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon them, even commercially, as long as they credit ProtectedSeas for the original creation.
2Executive order 13795
3The proportion is calculated as Proposed Marine Acreage/Total Marine Acreage. The Proposed Marine Acreage includes all of the O&G proposed program areas in the OCS open for drilling plus the marine national monuments and national marine sanctuaries considered for opening to O&G exploration, leasing, and drilling. The Total Marine Acreage is the total U.S. Marine Area (extending to the OCS boundary along the continent).
4The proportion is calculated as Proposed Marine Acreage/Total Marine Acreage. The Proposed Marine Acreage is all of the O&G proposed program areas in the OCS open for drilling. The Total Marine Screage is the total OCS acreage. Note that the OCS excludes both HI and the territories since they are not on the U.S. continental shelf.
5The Total marine acreage considered for O&G exploration, leasing and drilling as a proportion of all U.S. area (land and marine)
6Trump’s Offshore Oil Drilling Program – Not in my Ocean
THREATS TO FISHERIES - TRUMP ADMINISTRATION FISHERIES EXPANSIONS
13.7% percent of the U.S. marine area is currently closed to commercial fishing.
If Trump decides to open up commercial fishing in Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument, Rose Atoll Marine National Monument, and Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument as Secretary Zinke recommends1, then he would be reducing the area closed to commercial fishing by 77%, leaving just over 3% of the U.S. marine area closed to commercial fishing.
Further notes on area calculations: These percentages were calculated using ProtectedSeas’ U.S. MPA data, which have been evaluated and coded to indicate where commercial fishing is prohibited, restricted, allowed, or where there is no information regarding commercial fishing. The calculation only includes areas that have been coded as ‘commercial fishing prohibited.’
Note: This map has a Creative Commons Attribution license so anyone is free to distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon it, even commercially, as long as they credit ProtectedSeas for the original creation.